Vernal pools are seasonal local wetlands that are vital primary breeding habitat for amphibians and fairy shrimp. They are also often threatened by development and are difficult to conserve with usual regulations. This case study examines vernal pool conservation policy in Maine, particularly in the town of Falmouth. It also provides a review of U.S. history and attitude towards wetlands and takes a look at the role of federal and state protection for vernal pools. Maine has the strongest regulations for vernal pool habitats in the Northeast United States, and Falmouth leads towns in further strengthening state protections. By understanding the challenges and successes of these initiatives, students can learn more about effecting conservation on private lands for any resource or species.