This module looks at the conservation outlook for Madagascar’s bats. Madagascar has nearly 40 recognized species of bats, distributed among seven families, over half of which are endemic to the island, including the family Myzopodidae. While some are recognized as threatened by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, most of Madagascar’s bat species are actually too poorly studied to estimate their conservation status. Further research is needed on the important aspects of bat ecology: roosting patterns and preferences, foraging and habitat use, and diet. Bats perform several important ecosystem services, including pollination and seed dispersal. However, they nevertheless face several common threats such as hunting, persecution, deforestation, and disturbances due to tourism and mining.