Marine environments present unique challenges for protection due to their global commons nature. International treaties are important for providing a framework for cooperation among different nations and can concern various topics. This module serves to introduce international treaties for marine conservation and management as part of a four-module series on marine conservation (see other NCEP modules on MPAs, policy and conservation biology). The module reviews the basics of international environmental treaties including general principles and formation. A focus is given to covering a range of global and regional treaties pertaining to marine conservation, such as CITES (biodiversity) and MARPOL (pollution).
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