Individual species are intricate parts of complex ecosystems; when one is threatened, others may be put in danger as well. While many countries have basic laws that aim to protect threatened species, endangered species management attempts to work with various groups to preserve biodiversity and maintain viable ecosystems. There are numerous approaches to endangered species management that differ by species and by country. This module explores the basic steps—identifying status, examining threats and planning recovery—with examples covering varied ecosystems and challenges. Through a case study and accompanying modeling exercise, students apply endangered species management techniques to the case of California condors.